Estonian Human Rights Center (EHRC) has monitored the situation of LGBT people in Estonia for seven years, throughout which we have conducted three surveys: in 2012, 2014 and 2017. The surveys were carried out by Turu-uuringute AS.
The 2017 survey shows that the attitudes of Estonian people towards gays and lesbians have improved during the past 3 years, but over half still regard homosexuality as rather or completely unacceptable. The differences in attitudes are mainly connected to age, language and education.
The proportion of Estonian people regarding homosexuality as acceptable has grown remarkably: from 34% in 2014 to 41% in 2017.
Respondents perceive society as being less tolerant towards homosexuality than it actually is. Furthermore, 23% of Estonian-speaking population have encountered campaigns inciting intolerant attitudes towards homosexual people (40% of youth aged 15–19).
Everyday interactions with homosexual people are acceptable for the majority of respondents. Moreover, the attitudes have become significantly more positive in the case when one’s own child is homosexual (56% in 2017 compared to 40% in 2014).
There is still an equal proportion of supporters of as well as opponents to the gender-neutral Registered Partnership Act (c. 45%), but the number of the supporters of same-sex marriage has increased by 9 percentage points.
In questions concerning the Registered Partnership Act, the number of supporters and opponents is generally the same. Still, a large number of people do not have an opinion on the matter and thus cannot state their position.